The Difference Between Social Sciences And Applied Sciences (2022)

In today’s post, we’ll be discussing the difference between social sciences and applied sciences. We have been receiving emails from our readers concerning this topic.

Before we dive into the topic we will start by explaining what social sciences real mean, their goals, and their importance and also look at the meaning of applied sciences, their goals, and their importance.

The Difference Between Social Sciences And Applied Sciences (1)

Table of Contents:

  • Social Science
  • Applied Sciences
  • Difference Between Social Sciences And Applied Sciences
  • Difference In Methodology
  • Similarities Between Social Sciences And Applied Sciences

Social Science is the discipline of study that attempts to give an understanding and explanation of human activity in the context of social relations, social groups, and institutions.

It helps to explain how society works, exploring everything from the triggers ofeconomic growthand causes ofunemploymentto what makes people happy. This information is vital and can be used for many purposes. Among other things, it helps to shape corporate strategies and government policies.

The social sciences consist of all those disciplines (anthropology, economics, geography, political science, psychology, and sociology) that apply scientific methods to the study of human behavior. It as a field of study is separate from the natural sciences, which cover topics such as physics, biology, and chemistry.

It examines the relationships between individuals and societies, as well as the development and operation of societies, rather than studying the physical world. These academic disciplines rely more heavily on interpretation andqualitative research methodologies.

(Video) Social Science Vs. Applied Social Science

The uttermost goal of social sciences is to answer different question and problems about the society and human condition and how to improve it.

It provides vital information for governments and policymakers, local authorities, non-governmental organizations, and others. Social sciences are important because they create better institutions and systems that affect people’s lives every day.

Social sciences help people understand how to interact with the social world, how to influence policy, develop networks, increase government accountability, and promote democracy. These challenges, for many people around the world, are immediate, and their resolution can make a vast difference in people’s lives.

The social sciences are vital to a healthy modern society. They help us to understand our world and the changes needed to tackle climate change, improve healthcare, understand big data and ensure fair access to education.

Applied Sciences

Applied sciences, also called practical sciences, are sciences that apply scientific knowledge from basic sciences in a physical environment. For instance, engineering is an applied science that applies the laws of physics and chemistry for practical applications such as building stronger bridges or fuel-efficient combustion engines, while the medicine is an applied science that applies the laws of biology for solving human ailments.

Applied science is often contrasted with basic science, which is focused on advancing scientific theories and laws that explain and predict events in the natural world.

Both basic and applied sciences are required for human development. However, applied sciences cannot stand in their own right but instead relies on basic sciences for their progress. Of course, the industry and private enterprises tend to focus more on applied sciences given their practical value, while universities study both basic and applied sciences.

(Video) Difference between Social Sciences and Applied Social Sciences

Applied science or “technology,” aims to use science to solve real-world problems, making it possible, for example, to improve a crop yield, find a cure for a particular disease, or save animals threatened by a natural disaster. In applied science, the problem is usually defined by the researcher.

Applied sciences are important as they enable science to be more applicable in the real life. Without applied sciences, great scientific discoveries may be limited as an only increase in human knowledge, which is important but underutilized.

Difference Between Social Sciences And Applied Sciences

The Applied sciences are different from the social sciences in several respects. The Applied sciences are very precise, accurate, deterministic, and independent of the person making the scientific observations.

For instance, a scientific experiment in physics, such as measuring the speed of sound through a certain media or the refractive index of water, should always yield the exact same results, irrespective of the time or place of the experiment, or the person conducting the experiment.

If two students conducting the same physics experiment obtain two different values of these physical properties, then it generally means that one or both of those students must be in error.

However, the same cannot be said for the social sciences, which tend to be less accurate, deterministic, or unambiguous.

For instance, if you measure a person’s happiness using a hypothetical instrument, you may find that the same person is more happy or less happy (or sad) on different days and sometimes, at different times on the same day. One’s happiness may vary depending on the news that person received that day or on the events that transpired earlier during that day.

(Video) THE RELATIONSHIPS AND DIFFERENCES BETWEEN SOCIAL SCIENCES AND APPLIED SOCIAL SCIENCES

Furthermore, there is not a single instrument or metric that can accurately measure a person’s happiness. Hence, one instrument may calibrate a person as being “more happy” while a second instrument may find that the same person is “less happy” at the same instant in time.

In other words, there is a high degree of measurement error in the social sciences and there are considerable uncertainty and little agreement on social science policy decisions.

For instance, you will not find many disagreements among Applied scientists on the speed of light or the speed of the earth around the sun, but you will find numerous disagreements among social scientists on how to solve a social problem such as reduce global terrorism or rescue an economy from a recession.

Difference In Methodology

Social Science Methodology

Social science employs a variety of methods in its study. It usually starts with questioning a phenomenon. This inquiry comes out of a place of curiosity for the subject matter. Thus, it develops questions which the research study should answer at the end of it.

After drawing up questions from the field of inquiry, social scientists will come up with a hypothesis on possible answers to the question that they have raised. This reasonable question flows from other results that they arrived at in previous research.

After drawing up a hypothesis, they proceed to gather enough information that will help them test the hypothesis. Social scientists also examine and compare the information collected using the method of experimentation.

It is from the results arrived at while experimenting that they can draw their conclusions and answer the questions that they had sought to answer when they initially embarked on the research.

(Video) " Difference And Similarities Of Social Science And Applied Social Science " 🥰

Social science adopts the method of experimentation in arriving at answers to research questions. This experimentation is concerning the information it gathers through surveys, interviews, and case studies, etc.

Social science does not always use scientific methods at all times. It also resorts to non-scientific methods in arriving at its conclusions.

Applied Science Methodology

The method that Applied science employs is quite mathematical. It also bases its research on observation and experimentation. Sometimes, it also uses peer review to ensure that the conclusion it is reaching at the end of the research is a valid one.

Similarities Between Social Sciences And Applied Sciences

Social science and applied science might be distinct bodies of knowledge. However, they have certain features in common. One such similarity lies in the fact that they both adopt the use of observations in their research.

Also, both social science and applied science have laws that are generally applicable. Not just that, these laws also boast of some exceptions to its application.

They also adopt the use of empirical research in their research work. It is a research method that measures data using mathematical and scientific precision.

Applied science works more with experimental data, which is the data gathered from the process of experimentation. Social science, on the other hand, works more with experiential data, which is data obtained from real-life experiences like interviews, surveys.

(Video) Differences between Social Science and Applied Social Sciences

We hope by now you can differentiate between social sciences and applied sciences.

FAQs

What are the 3 differences between social sciences and applied sciences? ›

Social science is a scientific study that deals with the study of social behavior in society. For example, economy, sociology, and political science. Applied science is a scientific study that can be used for application in different fields in order to achieve social change.

What is the difference between science and applied science? ›

Applied science is a discipline that is used to apply existing scientific knowledge to develop more practical applications, for example: technology or inventions. In natural science, basic science (or pure science) is used to develop information to explain phenomena in the natural world.

What is Applied social science short answer? ›

Applied social sciences are those academic social science disciplines, professions and occupations which seek to use basic social science knowledge to make an impact on the daily life of communities, organizations and persons.

What are the different disciplines of the social sciences and the applied social sciences? ›

Usually included within the social sciences are cultural (or social) anthropology, sociology, psychology, political science, and economics. The discipline of historiography is regarded by many as a social science, and certain areas of historical study are almost indistinguishable from work done in the social sciences.

What are the differences between social sciences and applied social science? ›

Applied science works more with experimental data, which is the data gathered from the process of experimentation. Social science, on the other hand, works more with experiential data, which is data obtained from real-life experiences like interviews, surveys.

What are the relationship and differences between social science and applied science? ›

Social Science is a branch of science that deals with the institutions and functioning of human society and with the interpersonal relationships of individuals as members of society whereas Applied Science is the application of existing scientific knowledge to practical applications, like technology or inventions.

What is the importance of knowing the difference of pure social science and applied social science? ›

One generally recognized basis for distinguishing pure from applied science is the motives or aims of scientists: If one is engaged in science in order to increase one's understanding of the world, one is doing pure science, whereas if one is doing science in order to solve problems regarding human activity, one is ...

What is applied science example? ›

Medical sciences, for instance medical microbiology, pharmaceutical research and development and clinical virology, are applied sciences that apply biology and chemistry toward medical knowledge and invention.

What is the difference between basic pure science vs applied science provide one example of each? ›

Major differences

A classic example of pure science research is understanding what causes cells to divide, which has been studied since the late 1800s. Applied science uses existing scientific information to develop practical solutions for real-world problems.

What is your own understanding about Applied social science? ›

Applied social sciences are those social science disciplines, professions and occupations which seek to use basic social science research and theory to improve the daily life of communities, organizations and persons.

What you already know about Applied social science Brainly? ›

Answer: Applied social sciences involves the study of the society we live in, and the relationships people have within that society. This applied social science degree is built around the core disciplines of psychology and sociology, providing the best possible launching pad for a career in these fascinating areas.

What will be your own definition of social sciences? ›

Overview. Social science is, in its broadest sense, the study of society and the manner in which people behave and influence the world around us.

What is the importance of studying the subject disciplines and Ideas in the applied social sciences? ›

It aims to empower students in developing competencies in interacting and relating with other individuals, groups, and communities; apply social science principles, practices, and tools in addressing several appropriate development areas; and sharpen their analytical skills specifics to the processes and life context ...

What is the impact of social sciences and applied social science in the society? ›

Thus, social sciences help people understand how to interact with the social world—how to influence policy, develop networks, increase government accountability, and promote democracy. These challenges, for many people around the world, are immediate, and their resolution can make a vast difference in people's lives.

What are the benefits and importance of applied social sciences? ›

Applied sciences raise the social science to a practical science to address personal, family, group, and community problems by helping individuals develop their capacity to fit well in the environment and by challenging the environment to become better for individuals to flourish.

Which among the 3 Applied social science Career? ›

Applied social sciences are those academic social science disciplines, professions and occupations which seek to use basic social science knowledge, particularly from sociology, economics and political science, and to a lesser extent psychology, social psychology and anthropology to make an impact on the daily life of ...

What are the three applied social sciences? ›

Subject Description: This course introduces some Applied Social Sciences, namely, Counseling, Social Work, and Communication, which draw their foundation from the theories and principles of Psychology, Sociology, Anthropology, and other Social Sciences.

What is the difference between social science and natural science? ›

Natural science is a branch of science that deals with the natural world whereas social science is a branch of science that deals with human society and social relationships.

What are the benefits and importance of applied social sciences? ›

Applied sciences raise the social science to a practical science to address personal, family, group, and community problems by helping individuals develop their capacity to fit well in the environment and by challenging the environment to become better for individuals to flourish.

Why is it important to study applied social science? ›

It is important because its study helps us to gain knowledge of the society we live in. Generally, Social Science focus on the relationships among individuals in society. It is the mixture of many subjects like History, Geography, Political Science, Economics, Sociology, Social Psychology and many more.

What is the purpose of applied social science? ›

Definition of Applied Social Science

It aims at presenting a well-developed understanding of social systems, social theory, and social policy It integrates theory, social research, skills and professional experience, and critical thinking skills necessary to fully address social phenomena.

What is Applied social sciences Brainly? ›

Answer: Applied social sciences involves the study of the society we live in, and the relationships people have within that society. This applied social science degree is built around the core disciplines of psychology and sociology, providing the best possible launching pad for a career in these fascinating areas.

What are the functions and effects of applied social sciences? ›

The effects of the applied social sciences vary and they include increased awareness and knowledge of oneself and others, attitude and value change, behavioural changes, and structural changes.

What are the similarities and differences between social science and natural science? ›

Science (also known as pure, natural, or physical science) and social science are two types of science that deal with the same scientific model and the components of their own respective general laws. Science is more concerned with studying nature, while social science is concerned with human behavior and societies.

What is the primary difference between the natural sciences and the social sciences Brainly? ›

This is Expert Verified Answer

Thus, the main difference between natural science and social science is that natural science studies natural events whereas social science studies the human society.

What is the difference between social sciences natural sciences and humanities? ›

Social Science is a branch of knowledge whose subject matter is society and the interrelationship between individuals, as a member of society.
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Comparison Chart.
Basis for ComparisonSocial ScienceHumanities
NatureObjectiveSubjective
ApproachScientific ApproachAnalytical Approach
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8 Sept 2020

What will be your own definition of social sciences? ›

Overview. Social science is, in its broadest sense, the study of society and the manner in which people behave and influence the world around us.

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