Everything you need to know about Ausbildung
Ausbildung in Germany is a unique system which allows students from non-EU countries to work and train in German companies as apprentices while learning a trade or profession in a training institute.
Ausbildung programmes in Germany have been developed historically out of the medieval guild system.
This is not new to young people in Germany, as many enter the working market through the apprenticeship system.
Over 500,000 new apprenticeships (Ausbildung) contracts are concluded every year by various companies in Germany.
What is Ausbildung in Germany?
Ausbildung in Germany for foreigners is a vocational training program in Germany and is known as an Apprenticeship in the English language.
Once accepted as an Ausbildender by a German company, your Ausbildung training will be divided into two parts:
First, you will be contacted by a German employer/company where you’ll be in a work placement as an apprentice.
Secondly, you’ll be affiliated with a vocational training school, also known as Berufsschule in the German language, where you will attend training classes.
You need to attend both places, and you must divide your time for that based on your apprenticeship period.
For example, suppose you are in an Ausbildung in a hotel. In that case, you must work for three days in any assigned department to gain practical experience and the remaining days in the training institution.
Your assigned departments can change, as you’ll be asked to work for one month in housekeeping, one month in room service, and one month in the front office to get the overall experience in the hotel management job.
For the remaining two days of your week, you’ll participate in your vocational training school (Berufsschule), where you’ll study your assigned category and technicalities.
Your vocational training school will conduct your exams like midterms and final exams.
Your final Ausbildung score will include grades from your company and vocational training school.
The company will give you grades according to your work and training school according to your exam performance.
Now, let’s discuss how long this training will last.
Duration of Ausbildung Program in Germany
Usually, the Ausbildung program lasts three years, but if your grades are reasonable based on your performance in the company and vocational training school, you can reduce this period.
But it doesn’t make any significant difference, as you can reduce three to 2.5 years, so it hardly matters.
Time duration usually depends on various factors, like which company you work for, which department you are assigned, and from which vocational training school you are studying.
But one crucial thing you badly require to be eligible for the Ausbildung program is German language skills.
Language Requirement For Ausbildung in Germany
The language used in the vocational training school is German. They conduct all exams in German.
Also, your work placement and practical training in the company will be in German.
Sometimes, there could be English-speaking people also participating in the training. But usually, the communication in the workplace is in the German language.
The most important prerequisite that most companies check for hiring apprentices from other countries is German language knowledge and communication skills at the required level.
Over 90% of the companies (with apprenticeships) stated that language skills are necessary to complete a training course. (Source–DIHK survey)
So, you must have better German language skills to meet the language requirements for an Ausbildung programme in your desired field of occupation. That is a B2 level!
If you are fluent enough in the language, even a B1 will be perfect sometimes; because the requirement is one must have good communication skills to follow the programme.
One of the critical questions that can arise in your mind after going through all these details may be:
Education Requirement For Ausbildung in Germany
If you are non-European, and from a country like India, you must have a 12th-grade (senior secondary) school examination pass certificate. This is the minimum academic qualification required for an Ausbildung programme in Germany.
Those with higher level qualifications achieved after the 12th-grade school education, e.g., diploma or degree, can apply.
Most companies and training institutions maintain 30 as the maximum age criteria and 17+ as the minimum age.
Immigration departments or German state governments set no stipulated maximum age. It depends on the hiring employer/company.
How can a Non-EU citizen apply for Ausbildung in Germany?
Currently, around 330 occupations require formal training in Germany and businesses that participate in the dual training scheme consider vocational training the best form of personnel recruitment.
There is a growing awareness across Europe and worldwide that excellent work-based vocational education and training are vital for competitiveness and social participation.
Let’s go through some questions about how to apply for the Ausbildung program as a non-EU applicant.
What documents are required for non-EU citizens to apply for an Ausbildung in Germany? (Requirements for Ausbildung in Germany)
You need two essential documents for applying for Ausbildung in Germany:
- Curriculum Vitae (CV)
This is your first requirement, and your CV should be brief. It should include precise education details, work experiences (only if applicable), etc.
- A statement of purpose or a motivation letter
This is a significant opportunity to show you as a more suitable and motivated candidate.
- Certified or attested work experience letter/s
If you have worked in the relevant field of your chosen occupation will influence your candidature for the career you are applying for.
- School certificates, diplomas or/and Degrees
Some companies might ask you to provide a German-translated version of your certificates mentioned above.
A notary public could do the certifications in your country.
Why do you need these documents?
Now you know you can start an Apprenticeship (Ausbildung) after 12th grade, depending on the requirements of the specific company you’re applying to.
Your school leaving certificates are compared to the German equivalent, i.e. Hauptschule or Realschule.
What monies and documents are required for a visa for Ausbildung in Germany?
If you apply for the Ausbildung visa, you need to have:
- A written confirmation or a contract by the training company/employer
- Sufficient money to maintain the cost of living in Germany for your stay until the Ausbildung and start receiving monthly stipends.
- Valid health insurance until the start of your vocational training.
Participants of Ausbildung are paid a monthly stipend by the company where they work and are trained. The allowance varies from 650 to 1400 EUR depending on the occupation one chooses.
How to apply for a visa application for Ausbildung in Germany?
Suppose you are serious about getting trained in your desired occupation and excited to be in one of the best countries in the world. In that case, you need to have a good grasp of German and all the necessary documents to get your Ausbildung visa approved.
So, if we sum it up, being a non-EU citizen, you have to follow these steps for joining the vocational training in Germany:
- Get school-leaving and other certificates recognised and translated
- Learn the German language and achieve B1/B2 level
- Attend interviews with the Employers/companies interested in your application
- Receive an offer and training contract
- Apply for a visa
What can you expect from us?
We at KCR Consultants can help you with all these crucial requirements once you get in touch with our team members.
If you are searching for a list of Ausbildung courses in Germany, the best Ausbildung courses in Germany, Ausbildung list in Germany or Ausbildung in Germany courses, please read Ausbildung in Germany occupation list.
What do I need for an Ausbildung? ›
What are requirements of Ausbildung in Germany? Normally there are no fixed requirements of Ausbildung in Germany. But at least an A2 level of German is very important, sometimes some employers can ask for at least a B1 or even B2 level. And a school passing certificate is also very important.What is all about Ausbildung in Germany? ›
A 'vocational training in Germany' is just another term for 'Ausbildung in Germany'. It means the same. A vocational training/ausbildung is a training of 2-3 years to become a skilled worker. In Germany, this training has a high reputation and offers good career and salary options!What is the requirement for Ausbildung in Germany? ›
Apply to an Ausbildung-Program after fulfilling the following criteria: - Having B1 German level, (Or at least visiting B1 course). - Translated and Legitimated your school certificate at the German embassy in your Home country. - Having recognition from the certification authority in Germany.How much do you get paid for Ausbildung in Germany? ›
Earning during Ausbildung in Germany
The salary during an Ausbildung in Germany generally varies between 650 euros to 1300 euros.
There are two types of Ausbildung in Germany. One is called schulische Ausbildung and another is duale Ausbildung. In the German language, Schule means school. This type of Ausbildung you learn only in school.What is the maximum age for Ausbildung? ›
There is no maximum age limit by law. In some professions – e.g. nursing care – applicants over 40 years of age are not rare. However, you should note that as a foreigner you will learn at the vocational school together with German students who are usually between 16 and 25 years old.Is Ausbildung a degree? ›
Is Ausbildung a degree? Ausbildung is a vocational diploma added with work experience.Can I find Ausbildung in English in Germany? ›
There are a wide variety of Ausbildung programs available for English speakers in Germany, including in fields such as engineering, IT, healthcare, and more. Many of the programs are offered in English or have English-language components, making it accessible for non-native speakers.Can Ausbildung work part time? ›
Of course, it's often possible to work a part-time job while you're doing your Ausbildung. This is possible for up to 10 hours per week without any problems (special conditions may apply for internationals).Why choose Ausbildung in Germany? ›
The German Ausbildung is a good opportunity for foreign skilled workers. They are given the opportunity to train in Germany and get an apprenticeship. It is a vocational training program where the apprentices work at their employer's company, which trains them in all aspects of the occupation.
What is the duration of Ausbildung? ›
In general, the most important requirement for qualifying in an Ausbildung program is good German language proficiency. It takes up to three years to complete.Can you go to university after Ausbildung? ›
After having finished the Ausbildung, you will have access to a University of Applied Science (Fachhochschule) and to Universities (Universität/Hochschule) in the same filed of your vocational training but only under certain conditions.Which Ausbildung pays the most in Germany? ›
- Versicherungskaufmann/frau. ...
- Bankkaufmann/frau. Lehrjahr – 766 Euro. ...
- Mechatroniker. Lehrjahr – 780-798 Euro. ...
- Binnenschiffer (Inland Sailor) Lehrjahr – 863 Euro. ...
- Polizist. Lehrjahr – 700-750. ...
- Technische Zeichner. Lehrjahr – 735-840 Euro. ...
- Fachinformatiker. Lehrjahr – 695-755 Euro. ...
- Pilots. ...
- College professors. ...
- Researchers in Biotechnology and Neuroscience. ...
- Surgeons and doctors. ...
- Judges. ...
- Bank managers. ...
- Director of Finance. ...
- Tourism and hospitality professionals.
There are about 330 programs or courses for Ausbildung. There are opportunities for Ausbildung in almost all the professions in Germany. So there is no reason to worry about the subject or the program. Usually, there is no time limit for applying for technical training.Can I study after Ausbildung in Germany? ›
Doing an Ausbildung in Germany gives you freedom to continue your desired study program too, so if you are looking for further study, there are so many good opportunities which you can explore after completing your training.What is the minimum GPA in Germany? ›
The minimum grade requirements in German universities may vary depending on the courses, universities etc. However, the minimum grade required for a middle profile course is GPA 2.5, GPA 1.5 for high profile study programs and there are no specific requirements for low profile courses.What is German dual ausbildung? ›
That means that young people get vocational training in two different locations: in trade school and at a company. The goal of this dual vocational training system is to provide young people with excellent qualification and training, which they can immediately apply in the real world.Can I work 60 hours a week in Germany? ›
Minimum and maximum working time
However, the law stipulates that the working hours on business days (Monday until Saturday) must not exceed an average of eight working hours per day, ie 48 hours per week, over a period of six months or 24 weeks.
Usually, as per university norms, a student would not be allowed to work for more than 20 hours a week during term. Students, however, can take up full-time employment during vacations. A work permit from the "Agentur für Arbeit" (Federal Employment Agency) and the foreigners' authority is required.
How long does it take to get a Ausbildung visa? ›
Your visa application can take as little as two weeks to be processed, but it can also take up to one or two months.What is the difference between Ausbildung and Studium? ›
In Germany, there is a difference between: Vocational training (Ausbildung) with the aim of getting a professional degree and, Academic training (Studium) with the aim of getting a university degree.Is vocational training in Germany worth it? ›
Vocational training may be your ticket to a career on the German labour market. Around two thirds of all trainees get to work permanently at their companies after completing vocational training. Upon completion of your programme, you will be fully qualified for your profession and earn good money.How many hours do Germans study? ›
In general, education at the Gymnasium level (required for those planning to attend tertiary education, i.e. university) covers a broad range of subjects. Students are opting for 32-40 hours of lessons a week, plus additional homework.What is the most respected job in Germany? ›
- Doctors. Doctors in private medical institutions have a high salary. ...
- IT specialists. Today, IT professionals are popular in almost all European countries. ...
- Engineers. ...
- Lawyers. ...
- Economists and top managers. ...
- Handymen. ...
- Cleaning. ...
- Care for the elderly.
Since then, healthcare professionals such as doctors, nurses and pharmacists have been in high demand in Germany. The digitisation of the healthcare sector and the retirement of many physicians is the reason why the German healthcare sector needs qualified professionals to fill the vacancies.
As per the German state Governments and the industry regulations, an Ausbildung trainee earns 1000 to 1500 Euros per month.How much does it cost to live in Germany in US dollars? ›
You will need around 934 euros a month to cover your living expenses in Germany as of 2022. On average, to cover your living expenses in Germany you will need around 934 euros per month (around $906 US dollars) or 11,208 euros per year (around $10,876 US dollars).What does Germany pay per hour? ›
Minimum Wage Updated in Germany from 01 October 2022 - September 19, 2022. The minimum wages are revised in Germany from 01 October 2022. The minimum wage has increased from €10.45 to €12.00 per hour. Note: This minimum wage increase might not reflect the inflationary trends.What are the easiest jobs to get in Germany? ›
Top job openings in Germany:
- Business managers.
- Account managers.
- Production assistants.
- Sales managers, representatives.
- Product managers.
- Civil engineers.
What are the requirements for nursing Ausbildung in Germany? ›
In order to get a recognition you must have studied nursing or you must have finished an apprenticeship in nursing abroad. If you only have work experience but no degree in nursing then you must go through an apprenticeship in nursing in Germany or start to work as a nurse helper.What documents do I need for entry to Germany? ›
- EU nationals: Valid passport or national ID card.
- Non-EU nationals who are visa-exempt: Valid passport or travel document.
- Non-EU nationals with visa requirements: Valid passport with a Schengen or German national visa.
It usually ranges from 450 euros to 1,200 euros. Educational (Schulische) is like technical education.What are the basic requirements to study in Germany? ›
- Your passport with visa or residence permit.
- Several passport photos.
- Completed registration form.
- Proof of higher education entrance qualification, either original certificates or officially certified copies and translations.
- Notice of admission.
There are about 350 different types of “Ausbildung” courses in Germany. And, in theory, all of them are available for foreigners. It only depends on your future employer whether he offers you an “Ausbildungsplatz” after you apply for it.Can I work as a nurse in Germany without speaking German? ›
You'll need a certificate of German language skills at level B1 or B2 from GOETHE/TELC/OSD. Foreign nurses face a greater language barrier as well. After all, as a nurse, you must care for people who, in many cases, only speak German.How long can a U.S. citizen stay in Germany? ›
Residence and Work Permit
US citizens in possession of a valid US passport do not need a visa for airport transit, tourist or business trips for stays up to 90 days.
- You must have a valid passport or travel document.
- You need to be able to explain the reason for your visit to Germany.
- You must have financial means to sustain yourself, both for the duration of your intended stay and your return to the US.
The best way to migrate to Germany is through the Job Seeker Visa. The Job Seeker Visa is a long-term residence permit that allows you to look for a job for a period of 6 months. With this visa, you can visit Germany and attend interviews, which is a much better process than applying for a job from abroad.What are the cons of vocational school? ›
Cons of trade school can include limited career growth, financial aid, and flexibility.
What GPA is required to study in Germany? ›
In general, the admission requirements are as follows: at least 55% marks or CGPA 2.5 (out of 4.0) in 4 years Bachelor degree from Nepal or India. an overall score of 6.0 or 6.5 in IELTS or equivalent test. some basic knowledge of German language (A1 level is highly recommended)What GPA do German universities require? ›
The minimum grade requirements in German universities may vary depending on the courses, universities etc. However, the minimum grade required for a middle profile course is GPA 2.5, GPA 1.5 for high profile study programs and there are no specific requirements for low profile courses.Can Americans study in Germany? ›
The US students who want to study in Germany must apply for a temporary residence permit. First, you must register your address of residence in Germany and collect the required funds to cover the cost of living and studying if you haven't yet. Once you do that you're ready to apply.