People from all countries can apply for a Ausbildung in Germany 2023 or at any time. Ausbildung is a highly competitive training. It is suitable for all those, who want to learn a profession according to German standards – including the perspective to work and live in Germany even as a non-EU citizen.
You will learn in this article:
What is a ‘vocational training’ in Europe (Germany)?
In Germany, companies train their blue collar workers traditionally with vocational training programs. In German the term is ‘Ausbildung’, ‘Berufsausbildung’ or ‘Duale Berufsausbildung’. An English synonym is ‘apprenticeship’. Unlike in other states, a German Berufsausbildung is highly formalized: Curricula and exams are nationwide standardized for more than 350 professions. Participants learn as well at specialized vocational schools as in the employing company. From the employing company students get a monthly salary.
Ausbildung in Germany 2023: Quick questions and answers
Is it easy to get a position in a ‘vocational training’ programme?
Fairly yes. There are more than 500.000 open positions each year with slightly less than 500.000 applicants. So many positions remain unfilled each year, especially in the area of handcrafts, nursing, IT, and other services. So applicants from outside of Germany do have very good chances in getting a apprenticeship position.
Who can do a ‘vocational training’ in Europe (Germany)?
Any foreigner regardless of the age, speaking German on level B1 at least and having finished 9 or 10 years school education.
Can my family join me for an apprenticeship?
In general this is possible and welcomed by many employers. However you need to consult with the German authorities (embassy, consulate) about the current regulations and what counts for you.
Which foreigners can do a ‘vocational training’ in Germany?
Foreigners from all countries are eligible to apply for a vocational training in Germany. The typical age for vocational training in Germany is up to 30 years, mostly between 16 and 25 years. However one might apply even with higher ages. Especially in the nursing training higher ages are more often to be found.
How long is a vocational training in Europe (Germany)?
The vocational training takes usually between 2 and 4 years. You can select from short apprenticeships and longer apprenticeships in Germany. You will learn your profession to 50% within the company by practical work and to 50% in a special vocational school. Lessons will be held in German only – therefore you need German skills onlevel B1 of the GER. During the training in Europe (Germany), you will be employed by a German company with a German contract providing the same rights and obligations as for German nationals.
Does a vocational training provide a job guarantee?
With a vocational training in Germany, foreign applicants receive a German qualification as a skilled worker. Currently and for the foreseeable future there is a very high demand for skilled workers in Germany as in all Europe. Although there is no ‘guarantee’ for a job after the vocational training: chances are really high that you may continue to work in the company of your vocational training without limitation in time. This also offers foreigners the perspective for living in Germany legally.
How much do I earn during a vocational training in Europe (Germany)?
The typical gross salary rages between 800 and 1,200 Euros per month gross (885 to 1,350 US$ per month). The amount of this monthly allowance depends to a large extent on your employer, the region of employment in Germany, and your curriculum vitae. Employers often offer additional support such as free tickets or financial support for your accommodation. Having successfully finished the vocational training you might expect a monthly salary of about 2,400 to 3,500 Euros gross working in your profession (2,650 to 3,850 US$), again depending on several factors.
Can I start a vocational training in Germany without speaking German?
No. You need German on level B1 level before you can start.
Which degree do I acquire with an apprenticeship in Germany?
As a rule, a certificate as ‘skilled worker’ is awarded as degree. This degree offers excellent career opportunities in Germany and worldwide. The skilled worker qualification enables you to apply for a permanent residence permit in Germany, provided that some other requirements are met.
Which is the maximum age for an apprenticeship in Germany?
There is no maximum age limit by law. In some professions – e.g. nursing care – applicants over 40 years of age are not rare. However, you should note that as a foreigner you will learn at the vocational school together with German students who are usually between 16 and 25 years old.
Do I need any professional experience before starting an apprenticeship?
No, the vocational training system in Germany does not require any experience when you start the training. You will learn everything you need to know step by step during the training.
How can I learn German in order to be entitled to start a vocational training?
You might start to learn German online or together with a German teacher near you in your home country. Besides this there are many more opportunities which are compiled in our special guide on learning German for job.
Which educational level do I need to start a vocational training in Germany?
A foreign school-leaving certificate of 9th grade or higher (usually a middle-school) is sufficient to start an apprenticeship in Germany. For technical professions, you should have good grades in mathematics as well as computer skills. Besides the mentioned German skills no other criteria must be met.
Which German language skills do I need?
You must speak German at least at level B1 at the beginning of the training. However you can apply already when you have a A2 command of German. For nursing care training you will need B2 level of German.
Which language certificates do I need for an apprenticeship?
There is no requirement for a certificate by a selected institution. Applicants can apply with certificates from all institutions – including local language schools abroad or teachers from abroad. However you might need to proof your command of German in interviews and during visa application.
Which reputation has a vocational training in Europe (Germany)?
In Germany a vocational training has a much higher image than in other countries. This comes firstly due to the high demand of workers in the blue collar professions – which stays in connection with good salary. The image of vocational training in Germany has risen in the recent years even more. This comes by new options for further training and studies after the vocational training, resulting even in options to start studies at university.
Apprenticeships in Germany are state-controlled
Vocational training in Europe (Germany) is subject to state control and offers education at the highest level. The German vocational qualifications are leading in the world!
Apprenticeship in Germany 2023: Living in affordable regions
If you start vocational training in Europe (Germany) as a foreigner, you often have to cope with the training allowance “apprenticeship pay”. Despite all the thrift, this money is very, very tight. However, there are ways in which you can still cope with it:
- As a rule, the training places we arrange are not located in large cities with high living costs – but in economically well developed areas beyond the very large cities in Germany. Often not far from the big cities there is a very good infrastructure – big cities can often be reached by train in 30 minutes to 2 hours.
- As a trainee you can work up to 10 hours a week and earn extra money: We talk to your employer to give you this opportunity!
- Many employers also help their trainees with benefits such as housing subsidies or subsidies for monthly tickets for bus and train – Life-in-Germany.de always puts in a good word for you with your employer!
Vocational training in Europe (Germany) 2023: How to apply?
How do I apply for a vocational training in Europe (Germany)?
Foreigners might use the service of agencies like Life-in-Germany.de or might apply directly at German companies. At Life-in-Germany.de we send all open positionsvia our newsletter. You then can apply directly via our newsletter.
Vocational training in Europe (Germany): How to get a visa?
EU citizens do not need a visa in order to start an vocational training in Europe (Germany). If you are a non-EU applicant you need a visa before you can start your vocational training in Europe (Germany). Read all the detailson our special page here!
What comes after finishing the vocational training in Europe (Germany)?
There is a high chance of permanent employment in Germany after your training. German companies are interested in permanent employment for most applicants and will generally make you a very good job offer.
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Is Ausbildung free in Germany? ›
This is enough to cover a basic standard of living in Germany. After successful completion of your ausbildung you will earn somewhere between 1.800 to 3.800 Euros per month. Ausbildung is free of charge – you pay no fees!When should I apply for Ausbildung in Germany? ›
Apply to an Ausbildung-Program after fulfilling the following criteria: - Having B1 German level, (Or at least visiting B1 course). - Translated and Legitimated your school certificate at the German embassy in your Home country. - Having recognition from the certification authority in Germany.Can I find Ausbildung in English in Germany? ›
There are a wide variety of Ausbildung programs available for English speakers in Germany, including in fields such as engineering, IT, healthcare, and more. Many of the programs are offered in English or have English-language components, making it accessible for non-native speakers.What level of German is required for Ausbildung in Germany? ›
You just need to make sure you are fluent in the German language. You also can apply for an Ausbildung if you have no formal education but are interested in technical fields. In almost every field of study, you can apply for this program.
ELIGIBILITY. Age Limit: Up to 30 Years.How much does Ausbildung pay? ›
Earning during Ausbildung in Germany
The salary during an Ausbildung in Germany generally varies between 650 euros to 1300 euros. The salary gradually increases with the year of training.
There are many students who are looking to get the Application Deadlines for German Universities for 2023. The Application deadlines for the summer semester are from 01/04 to 30/09. Winter 2023 Intake also referred to as September intake commences in September and ends in February or March.What documents do I need for Ausbildung? ›
What are requirements of Ausbildung in Germany? Normally there are no fixed requirements of Ausbildung in Germany. But at least an A2 level of German is very important, sometimes some employers can ask for at least a B1 or even B2 level. And a school passing certificate is also very important.Is it possible to do Ausbildung in English? ›
In German the term is 'Ausbildung', 'Berufsausbildung' or 'Duale Berufsausbildung'. An English synonym is 'apprenticeship'.Is Ausbildung a degree? ›
Is Ausbildung a degree? Ausbildung is a vocational diploma added with work experience.
How to apply for nursing Ausbildung in Germany? ›
To apply for the Ausbildung program in Germany, you only need a pass percentage in 12th-grade and a German Language proficiency of B2. If you are a school leaver, you only need to learn German Language and you're good to go!How many types of Ausbildung are there in Germany? ›
There are about 350 different types of “Ausbildung” courses in Germany. And, in theory, all of them are available for foreigners. It only depends on your future employer whether he offers you an “Ausbildungsplatz” after you apply for it.What is the maximum age limit of Ausbildung in Germany? ›
There is no maximum age for an apprenticeship. As a German or a foreigner, you can apply for vocational training at practically any age. Traditionally, it is still common in Germany for apprentices to be of a younger age: most are between 15 and 25 years old.How hard is German A1 level? ›
German A1 exam pattern is quite simple. As it's a language, there are 4 modules- Reading, Writing, Listening and Speaking. It is 60 points exam and you have to score 36 points (60%) to pass the exam.How long does it take to get a Ausbildung visa? ›
Your visa application can take as little as two weeks to be processed, but it can also take up to one or two months.Is 42 too old to become a nurse? ›
The answer is that going back to school to earn your nursing degree is an incredibly rewarding experience; you're never too old to become a nurse!Can you train to be a nurse at 50? ›
There is no upper age limit to start nurse training but you should discuss any concerns that you might have about your suitability for training with the universities offering courses.What is Ausbildung in English? ›
Ausbildung is a German word, that means vocational training or apprenticeship. It is a profession-based education system that will lead you towards a certain job in a related field. In maximum cases, Ausbildung is a dual vocational training in Germany.Can Ausbildung work part time? ›
Of course, it's often possible to work a part-time job while you're doing your Ausbildung. This is possible for up to 10 hours per week without any problems (special conditions may apply for internationals).What are the benefits of Ausbildung in Germany? ›
Since you get a monthly salary during the Ausbildung you can cover from it your payments for housing, food, clothes, insurances, transportation and taxes.
How much does a nurse earn in Ausbildung? ›
As per the German state Governments and the industry regulations, an Ausbildung trainee earns 1000 to 1500 Euros per month.Can I apply for 2023 now? ›
Undergraduate and postgraduate applications for 2023 are now open and will close on 30 November 2022.Are applications for 2023 open? ›
These applications are open for both first-time students and returning students. Applications for admissions to undergraduate qualifications, honours degrees and postgraduate diplomas for the 2023 academic year for selected qualifications have reopened until 7 December 2022.How can I study in Germany for free? ›
Everyone can study in Germany tuition-free!
This applies to almost all study programmes at public universities. There is a tiny catch: If you are from outside the EU, you will need to get a residence permit before you arrive in the country; and you will have to finish your studies in Germany.
AUSBILDUNG is a form of vocational training or apprenticeship where a student attends school and works simultaneously. The student gains both theoretical and practical knowledge at the same time. It is a profession-related education which is leading you towards certain job. You can find Ausbildung for almost anything.What is German dual Ausbildung? ›
That means that young people get vocational training in two different locations: in trade school and at a company. The goal of this dual vocational training system is to provide young people with excellent qualification and training, which they can immediately apply in the real world.Is it easy to get Ausbildung in Germany? ›
This is process is not easy, actually, nothing is easy in life. Every achievement comes with continuous dedication and hard work. Getting into an Ausbildung program has a few basic requirements.Can we do part time job while studying Ausbildung in Germany? ›
Usually, as per university norms, a student would not be allowed to work for more than 20 hours a week during term. Students, however, can take up full-time employment during vacations. A work permit from the "Agentur für Arbeit" (Federal Employment Agency) and the foreigners' authority is required.Can I go to university after Ausbildung? ›
After having finished the Ausbildung, you will have access to a University of Applied Science (Fachhochschule) and to Universities (Universität/Hochschule) in the same filed of your vocational training but only under certain conditions.How can I become a nurse in Germany from USA? ›
Interested foreigners can apply at any age, as long as they meet the primary criteria of speaking German at a B1 or B2 level. To work as a nurse directly, one must have studied nursing abroad. Even if one has not studied nursing, he or she can begin an apprenticeship in Germany, even if they are 40 years old or older.
Can I study nursing in Germany for free? ›
Foreign applicants can now start a vocational training in Germany to become nurses in Germany. The training is free of charge and lasts 2-3 years. During the training participants receive a monthly training allowance which provides enough means for living in Germany.How many hours do nurses work in Germany? ›
HOW MANY HOURS DO NURSES WORK IN GERMANY? Overall nurses in Germany work roundly 8 hour shifts. Usually A Nurse works for 38-40 hours per week. If they work on weekend, they will get a free day under the week.How much does Ausbildung pay in Germany? ›
How much does a Ausbildung make? The national average salary for a Ausbildung is €64,716 in Germany. Filter by location to see Ausbildung salaries in your area. Salary estimates are based on 21 salaries submitted anonymously to Glassdoor by Ausbildung employees.What courses are free in Germany? ›
- Technical University of Munchen.
- University of Bonn.
- University of Hamburg.
- TU Darmstadt.
- FAU Erlangen Nurnberg.
- University of Munster.
- Hamburg University of Technology.
- SRH University of Heidelberg.
Online courses offered by Deutsche Welle (DW)
The free German courses, offered by DW let you learn German the way you prefer: via e-learning on the computer, via videos, audios and podcasts - or the traditional way with print-out worksheets. German courses are available ranging from beginners to advanced level.
The cost of studying in Germany is free in Public Universities. However, students would be required to pay an administration fee at the start of every year/ semester. This is a negligible amount.Is trade school free in Germany? ›
Dual vocational training in Germany (in German: 'Duale Ausbildung') is free of charge for all participants. You do not need to pay any fee to the employing company or an agency.How can I practice German for free? ›
- DeutschAkademie's German Audio Course.
- Easy German.
- Deutsche Welle.
- FSI German Courses.
- Computer science, IT and software development. ...
- Electronics engineering. ...
- Mechanical engineering. ...
- Account management and business analytics. ...
- Nursing and healthcare. ...
- Civil engineering and architecture. ...
- Prosperous professionals.
For most subjects, you can apply directly to the international office of the university. Alternatively, you can use the website www.uni-assist.de, a centralized admissions portal for international students, run by the German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD), although not all universities use this.
What level of German is required to study in Germany for free? ›
To participate in a Bachelor study programme in Germany taught in German language, you must attest that you've skills in such language of minimum C1 level of CEFR or DSH II.How long does B2 German take? ›
|Assess your current level & test your German online!||Intensive course (20 lessons/week)|
|B2||upper intermediate||10 weeks*|
Not everyone has the time, money or confidence to take German language classes, or take a trip to Germany. But don't be disheartened: that doesn't mean you can't start somewhere. Taking a free online German language course on an app like Busuu is a great way to get started and take your studies wherever you go.