Agile Software Development Process – Everything You Need to Know (2023)

Software Development Companies are witnessing great success in satisfying client needs by adapting Agile Software development methodology. It is a method that offers an iterative approach to design and software development.

It comes as no surprise that technology changes every second. The Agile approach helps organizations embrace these changes in the development field by allowing team members to break down lengthy procedures into small segments to build and test software. It enables the development team to deliver work quickly and more frequently.

According to the State of Agile Report 2020, 95% out of 4000 respondents prefer Agile development. The methodology promotes cross-functional teams across the organization, which helps speed up the entire development process.

This article will cover the Agile development methodology and everything related to the process during this iteration.

So, let's start.

What is Agile Methodology?

The Agile Methodology is an advanced approach to develop software with flexibility and speed. The methodology has introduced new concepts of iterative and incremental development methods to ensure foolproof and accelerated delivery.

Traditional methods like Waterfall used to dominate the industry, but not anymore. The reason for Waterfall methods to start fading is the absence of no backward movement. There is no room for adding new features, and the maintenance is also very challenging.

Mike Cohn, the Contributor of the Scrum Software Development Method, said:

The worst thing you can deliver in a two-year project is what the customer wanted on day one.

The Agile methodology of software development allows backward tracking and enables the development team to build a broader feature set in time-boxed cycles.

(Video) An Overview of Agile Development

It follows a typical development process from requirement gatherings to design, development, testing, deployment, and maintenance. However, the strategy in the Agile methodology changes at each stage.

Want to discuss your possible software development project? Leave a request for a free estimation.Contact Us

Agile vs. Waterfall: Quick Comparison

Many development companies are moving towards Agile methodology and moving away from the predictive, Waterfall methodology when developing software

Agile Software Development Process – Everything You Need to Know (2)

Conventional Waterfall Methodology

The conventional Waterfall development method involves strict phases. Developers are supposed to stick to the original design plan created at the beginning of the project. In a Waterfall approach of development, the project manager spends a lot of time negotiating milestones, allocating resources, features, and working at length in a project's planning stage.

The customer finalizes the requirements before the development process begins. It takes a lengthy development process where the project manager tracks every project's movement throughout the delivery. In such an approach, the biggest drawbacks are that the software is not responsive to change, and the process took too long to deliver working software. When software is ready to use and drives every change, a six-month (or longer) release cycle, with requirements chiselled in stone, does not meet the business need.

The Agile Methodology

The frustration developed in the traditional Waterfall method gave birth to the Agile software development methodology. Agile methodology is based on the concept of catering changes and a faster process of software development.Agile project managers play the lead role in planning, executing, monitoring, controlling and closing projects. The Agile methodology doesn't base on milestones. It is based on hours, feature selection, prioritization, and meeting the client's requirements.

The process in Agile methodology is divided into sprints or iterations. At the beginning of each iteration or Sprint, the development team decides what can be accomplished within this time frame and what sets of features will be delivered. At the end of each Sprint, the software is placed in a production environment so the client can take a look and provide their feedback.

Now, let’s look at the roles and responsibilities in an Agile Methodology.

Read also: How To Build High-Performance Agile Teams

(Video) An Ultimate Guide to Agile Software Development | Agile Methodology | Invensis Learning

Roles & Responsibilities in Agile Software

The Agile software development lifecycle (SDLC) is developed with a clear goal of rapid delivery of the software through an incremental and iterative process designed to adapt and improve software quality from the client's perspective.

Agile teams are comprised of the following key roles and responsibilities:

Agile Software Development Process – Everything You Need to Know (3)

Product Owner

The Product Owner represents the Stakeholder of the project. He/she understands the project from the Stakeholder's perspective. The crucial role of a Product Owner is to set the direction for product development or project progress.

Key Responsibilities for Product Owner:

  • Product backlog management
  • Release management
  • Stakeholder management

Team Lead or Scrum Master

The Team Lead or the Scrum Master is the main bridge between the team members and the Product Owner. The Team Lead ? Scrum Master takes instructions from the Product Owner and supports the project's progress between individual team members.

Key Responsibilities for Team Lead/Scrum Master

  • Arranging and managing the daily Scrum and Sprint initiatives
  • Coordinating between team members about changing requirements
  • Motivating team members for delivering results
  • Managing tasks such as conducting meetings, facilitating collaboration, and eliminating hurdles affecting project progress
  • Keeping team members protected from external interferences and distractions

This role also plays extra responsibilities, such as:

(Video) What is Agile | Understanding Agile Software Development Process

  • Implementing changes
  • Coordinating between stakeholders to find necessary resources
  • Helping Product Owners optimize the backlog planning for maximum performance

More about the role and responsibilities of the Scrum Master, you can read in my article Why do you need a Scrum Master? A report from the battlefield.

Want to hire an Agile development team? Contact us for a free quote.Contact Us

Development Team Members

Team members within the Development Team comprise experienced individuals who are directly or indirectly linked to product development. The team is a combination of different roles responsible for taking an idea or requirements and transforming it into a tangible product for end-users.

Key Roles of Team Members

  1. Product designer
  2. Programmer
  3. Tester
  4. UX/UI specialist

Key Responsibility for Development Team

  • Delivering the work throughout the Sprints according to the Product Owner's requirements,
  • Taking items from Product Backlog to the Sprint Backlog and committing to deliver the value during the Sprint,
  • Self-organizing in order to fulfil their tasks.


The Stakeholder may not be directly involved in the development process, but they play key roles, and their decision can impact the Scrum team's work. A stakeholder can be:

  • The end-user of the product (Client)
  • Business Executives (Employees of the company for whom the Software is under development)
  • Production Support staff (Testing Staff)
  • Investors
  • External Auditors (Appointed by the Client)
  • Scrum Team Members from Associated Projects and Teams

Additional Roles for Larger Scrum Projects

If there is a larger product, it needs some additional roles. Here’re the details of these additional roles.

  • Technical domain experts with the knowledge of technology and a wide variety of stakeholder requirements or expectations.
  • An independent testing and audit team may join the Scrum team members and work throughout the product development lifecycle.
  • An Integrator may be required among large teams that work on independent but closely coordinated subsystems for a project.
  • An Architect Owner may be required for architectural envisioning, planning, and decision making.

Agile Development Models: Scrum & Kanban

There are many methods that Agile teams use to develop software. But the most prominent methods are two:

  1. Scrum Methodology
  2. Kanban Methodology

Scrum Methodology

Agile Scrum Methodology is the most prominent and simplest method. According to the State of Agile Report, a whopping 56% of teams use the Scrum methodology. It is a framework for developing and sustaining complex products. Scrum definition and the idea behind is contained in the Scrum Guide. In my article Scrum Guide 2020 Update. Key Changes and Their Impact on Development Teams you can find the latest changes in the Scrum Guide which are important to the development process.

Agile Software Development Process – Everything You Need to Know (5)

It works on these bases:

  • The Scrum method revolves around the responsibilities of the Scrum Master, who supports the Product Owner to identify and prioritize goals. The details of the goals and the set-of-features are then added to what's called a "Product Backlog."
  • The cross-functional team reviews the backlog and decides the Sprints to deliver "potentially shippable increments" of software. A Sprint is up to 4 weeks.
  • There are daily standup meetings for clear communication between the team members to stay up-to-date with development progress.
  • After every Sprint ends, the team analyzes the backlog and gathers for a demo meeting to present the functionality to the Product Owner and his stakeholders.
  • The last step of the Agile Scrum method is a retrospective meeting. In this meeting, the team discusses the parts of their process which need improvements.

Kanban Method

Kanban is also a popular method among development teams. This method focuses more on continuous delivery where things are kept simple, so the team doesn't get overstressed.

Agile Software Development Process – Everything You Need to Know (6)

It works this way:

  • The teams visualize their workflow with the help of Kanban boards. These Kanban boards use cards and columns to help teams make their work visible, show it to others, and complete the job. The team can also use software like Jira or Atlassian. The software offers a "board" style interface where teams can see their "to-do" or "in progress" tasks.
  • The best part about the Kanban approach is that the team knows how much they can or will do in a sprint, and nothing will be added more. This helps balance the workflow, and teams stay motivated without being burnout.
  • In the Kanban approach, the team knows exactly what will come next, so they have half the preparation of the tasks in advance. This helps keep the priorities fulfilled.


The Agile Methodology of Software Development is the best approach that focuses on speed and flexibility. More and more development companies are adapting this methodology based on the numerous benefits it provides.

The secret of delivering working software in the market is to follow the Agile Methodology while also embracing the Agile mindset. The approach is the right approach to adopt change in the marketplace. It's about responding to your customers' feedback as quickly as possible without derailing your project's delivery date. It's about planning and shipping your product in small, frequent increments so that there's room for continuous improvement at a minimal cost.

Choose the Agile approach and keep going forward!

(Video) What is Agile Software Development?

If you still have questions about Agile methodology and want experts' opinions and guidance, you can contact us at Selleo.


What are the 5 lifecycle steps of an agile project? ›

The beauty of Agile is realized throughout a series of five stages, known as the software development lifecycle: Ideation, development, testing, deployment, and operations.

What are the 4 main facts related to the Agile Manifesto? ›

The four core values of Agile software development as stated by the Agile Manifesto are:
  • individuals and interactions over processes and tools;
  • working software over comprehensive documentation;
  • customer collaboration over contract negotiation; and.
  • responding to change over following a plan.

What is agile best answer? ›

Explain Agile in brief.

Agile is a popular set of methods and practices that majorly focuses on interactive development. Thanks to self-organizing collaborations between cross-functional teams, the requirements from their customers and potential solutions are obtained.

What are the 5 important types of Agile methodology? ›

There are 5 main Agile methodologies: Scrum, Kanban, Extreme Programming (XP), Lean Development e Crystal.

What are the 4 pillars of Agile? ›

The four values of the Agile Manifesto
  • Individuals and interactions over processes and tools.
  • Working software over comprehensive documentation.
  • Customer collaboration over contract negotiation.
  • Responding to change over following a plan.

What are the 5 agile values? ›

A team's success with scrum depends on five values: commitment, courage, focus, openness, and respect.

What is the most important agile principle? ›

Agile Principle 1

“Our highest priority is to satisfy the customer through early and continuous delivery of valuable software.” It's always been important to keep your customers satisfied.

What are the main concepts of Agile? ›

5 Key Concepts to Agile Project Management
  • Adaptability. Project paths rarely line up in a linear way; they're incremental. ...
  • Efficiency. ...
  • Collaboration. ...
  • Disruption. ...
  • Simplicity.
8 Sept 2020

What is Agile explain Agile in 2 minutes? ›

Agile is a time boxed, iterative approach to software delivery that builds software incrementally from the start of the project, instead of trying to deliver it all at once near the end.

What are 3 benefits of an Agile approach? ›

Agile produces important metrics like lead time, cycle time, and throughput that helps measure the team's performance, identify bottlenecks and make data-driven decisions to correct them. The Agile framework is a powerful tool that helps managers, team members, and clients.

What are 6 principles of Agile development? ›

Collaboration, open communication, trust and independence, efficiency, and continuous delivery are the foundation of agile and they can make a lasting positive impact almost anywhere in your organization.

Which methodology has 7 principles? ›

Lean software development is a concept that helps build the right product in the right way. It is based on seven key principles: eliminating waste, amplifying learning, deciding late, delivering fast, empowering the team, building quality in, and optimizing the whole.

What are the 5 Scrum aspects? ›

There are five Scrum aspects that must be addressed throughout any project, these are organization, business justification, quality, change, and risk.

What are the 3 pillars of Scrum? ›

Understand Scrum

If you carefully scrutinize scrum, you will find again and again the three pillars of empirical process control: transparency, inspection, and adaptation.

Who are the 3 Amigos in agile? ›

Agile software development teams often adopt what's called a Three Amigos approach, which combines the perspectives of business, development and quality assurance for sprint planning and evaluation. Typically, a Three Amigos meeting includes a business analyst, quality specialist and developer.

What are agile 8 story points? ›

An 8 card suggests the team member believes the task will be complex, difficult, or risky—or all three. Pro Tip: Keep in mind, each story-point estimate reflects all three of the factors above—the amount of work, complexity, and uncertainty or risk.

What is a Scrum vs agile? ›

The key difference between Agile and Scrum is that while Agile is a project management philosophy that utilizes a core set of values or principles, Scrum is a specific Agile methodology that is used to facilitate a project.

Why is it called Scrum? ›

The term scrum is borrowed from rugby, where it is a formation of players. The term scrum was chosen by the paper's authors because it implies teamwork. The software development term scrum was first used in a 1986 paper titled "The New New Product Development Game" by Hirotaka Takeuchi and Ikujiro Nonaka.

What are 2 agile practices? ›

Agile Frameworks, Practices, and Methodologies

The most popular frameworks and practices are Scrum, Kanban, Hybrid, Lean, Bimodal, XP, and Crystal.

What are two key scrum roles? ›

Scrum has three roles: product owner, scrum master and the development team members.

What is the most important tool for agile development? ›

Sprint through this list to find the best Agile tools for your team of developers and project managers.
  • Codegiant. ...
  • ProProfs Project. ...
  • Axosoft. ...
  • Assembla. ...
  • Zoho Projects. ...
  • Asana. ...
  • Wrike. Wrike is a project management tool that works well for small Agile teams. ...
  • Trello. Trello is a popular Agile project management tool.
10 Nov 2022

What is the heart of Agile development? ›

Alistair Cockburn's “Heart of Agile,” similarly touts the simplicity of four actions: collaborate, deliver, reflect, and improve. Cockburn, like Kerievsky, avoids labeling “Heart of Agile” as a “framework,” “methodology,” or “process.”

What is the first principle of agile? ›

Agile Principle 1: Our highest priority is to satisfy the customer through early and continuous delivery of valuable product. In other words, our priority is to focus primarily on delivering valuable products to customers early and continuously.

How long is a sprint in agile? ›

Agile projects are broken down into sprints or iterations — short, repeatable phases, typically one to four weeks long. The number and length of the sprints should be determined at the beginning of the project, and each sprint should result in a draft, prototype, or workable version of the final deliverable.

What is an example of agile? ›

Examples of Agile Methodology. The most popular and common examples are Scrum, eXtreme Programming (XP), Feature Driven Development (FDD), Dynamic Systems Development Method (DSDM), Adaptive Software Development (ASD), Crystal, and Lean Software Development (LSD).

What is scrum in simple words? ›

Scrum is a framework for project management that emphasizes teamwork, accountability and iterative progress toward a well-defined goal. The framework begins with a simple premise: Start with what can be seen or known.

Why Agile model is used? ›

With Agile software development, teams can quickly adapt to requirements changes without negatively impacting release dates. Not only that, Agile helps reduce technical debt, improve customer satisfaction and deliver a higher quality product.

What is the purpose of Agile? ›

The goal of Agile is to produce shorter development cycles and more frequent product releases than traditional waterfall project management. This shorter time frame enables project teams to react to changes in the client's needs more effectively.

What is the main advantage of Agile? ›

Better Quality: Because it is iterative, one big benefit of agile methodology is the ability to find problems and create solutions quickly and efficiently. The flexibility of the agile method allows project teams to respond to customer reaction and constantly improve the product.

What are the 5 methodologies? ›

5S stands for the 5 steps of this methodology: Sort, Set in Order, Shine, Standardize, Sustain. These steps involve going through everything in a space, deciding what's necessary and what isn't, putting things in order, cleaning, and setting up procedures for performing these tasks on a regular basis.

What are Scrum principles? ›

The Six Principles of Scrum
  • Control over the empirical process. In Scrum, the empirical process is based on observation of hard evidence and experimentation rather than theory. ...
  • Self-organization. ...
  • Collaboration. ...
  • Value-based prioritization. ...
  • Time-boxing. ...
  • Iterative development.
23 Nov 2021

Are there 5 or 7 lean principles? ›

According to Womack and Jones, there are five key lean principles: value, value stream, flow, pull, and perfection.

Is agile a type of SDLC? ›

Agile and Waterfall are both Software Development Lifecycle (SDLC) methodologies that have been widely adopted in the IT industry. The Waterfall framework was designed to enable a structured and deliberate process for developing high quality information systems within project scope.

Which Agile framework is best? ›

Scrum is one of the most well-known Agile frameworks for teams. The Scrum Guide defines Scrum as, “…a framework within which people can address complex adaptive problems, while productively and creatively delivering products of the highest possible value.”

What are the 5 stages of a project? ›

Five stages of project management
  • initiation.
  • planning.
  • execution.
  • monitoring and control.
  • closure.

What are the 5 steps of phases? ›

Most projects have 5 phases: initiation, definition and planning, execution, implementation, control and close. Each contains specific tasks that will help you reach your project goals.

What is the lifecycle of Agile? ›

The Agile software development life cycle is the structured series of stages that a product goes through as it moves from beginning to end. It contains six phases: concept, inception, iteration, release, maintenance, and retirement.

What are the 5 phases of a project with examples? ›

The project management life cycle has five main phases. These are project initiation, project planning, project execution, project monitoring and control and project closure. Each of these stages will be examined in turn.

What are the 5 C's in project management? ›

The 5 Cs of managing projects, Complexity, Criticality, Compliance, Culture and Compassion, tell you how much and how often to do the things we do. There are five, they fit on your hand, and they go in order. The first three, complexity, criticality and compliance, are about the work, and that's where we begin.

What are the seven 7 stages of project cycle? ›

The new seven phases of SDLC include planning, analysis, design, development, testing, implementation, and maintenance.

What are the 7 steps of project planning? ›

7 Steps To Project Planning Success For Project Managers
  • Tip 1: Establish clear goals for the project. ...
  • Tip 2: Set expectations up front. ...
  • Tip 3: Outline potential risks and how you'll manage them if hazards arise. ...
  • Tip 4: Minimize the number of meetings. ...
  • Tip 5: Plan the perfect kickoff meeting.
8 Feb 2019

What are the 4 types of project management? ›

A 2017 report published by the Harvard Business Review divides project manager personalities into four different types—executor, prophet, expert, and gambler [2]. Knowing how you or other project managers operate can be useful in discerning what kind of project management style is best for the situation.

What are the 4 project classification? ›

IT projects are classified as “Small,”“Medium,”“Large,” or as “Super Projects.” Projects are classified based on their complexity and resource requirements.

What is a project life cycle? ›

The Project Lifecycle is the sequence of phases through which a project progresses. It includes initiation, planning, execution, and closure. Learn more. The Project Lifecycle is the sequence of phases through which a project progresses.

Is SDLC used in Agile? ›

During each sprint rotation, new needs are coming in from the backlog, rolling through the planning, implementation, testing, evaluation, and deployment phases of the Agile software development life cycle (SDLC).

What are the 3 parts of a project? ›

The triple constraint theory, also called the Iron Triangle in project management, defines the three elements (and their variations) as follows: Scope, time, budget.

What are the four 4 major parts of a project life cycle? ›

The project management lifecycle consists of four steps: initiating, planning, executing, and closing.

What are the 3 main stages of a project life cycle? ›

Every project has a beginning, a middle period during which activities move the project toward completion, and an ending (either successful or unsuccessful).


1. What Is 'Agile Software Development', Anyway?
2. How the agile methodology really works
3. What is Agile? | Agile Methodology | Agile Frameworks - Scrum, Kanban, Lean, XP, Crystal | Edureka
4. The 12 principles of agile software development | Agile | Agilemania
5. Agile Software Development Lifecycle in 9 minutes! (The ONLY Agile SDLC Video YOU NEED...)
(Your Agile Coach)
6. Quality Management In Agile| What Is Quality Management| Everything you need to know| Agilemania
Top Articles
Latest Posts
Article information

Author: Chrissy Homenick

Last Updated: 02/25/2023

Views: 5895

Rating: 4.3 / 5 (74 voted)

Reviews: 89% of readers found this page helpful

Author information

Name: Chrissy Homenick

Birthday: 2001-10-22

Address: 611 Kuhn Oval, Feltonbury, NY 02783-3818

Phone: +96619177651654

Job: Mining Representative

Hobby: amateur radio, Sculling, Knife making, Gardening, Watching movies, Gunsmithing, Video gaming

Introduction: My name is Chrissy Homenick, I am a tender, funny, determined, tender, glorious, fancy, enthusiastic person who loves writing and wants to share my knowledge and understanding with you.